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Sustainable, Interaction, Resilience

r.graham.barrett's picture


Oxford English Dictionary (online): Etymology. It comes from the earlier adjective sustenable and French forms of the word. First used as early as the 1600s

Definition(s): - Capable of being endured or borne; bearable

-          Capable of being maintained or continued at a certain rate or level


Merriam-Webster Dictionary (online): circa1727

Defintion(s):    - Capable of being sustained

-          Of, relating to, or being a method of harvesting or using a resource so that the resource is not depleted or permanently damaged

-          Of or relating to a lifestyle involving the use of sustainable methods Origin: sustain + -able

Definition(s):   - Capable of being supported or upheld, as by having its weight borne from below

-          Pertaining to a system that maintains its own viability by using techniques that allow for continual reuse

-          Able to be maintained or kept going, as an action or process

-          Able to be supported as with the basic necessities or sufficient funds    



Oxford English Dictionary (online): Etymology. < INTERACT v. After action. First used in the 1830s.

Definition:       - Reciprocal action; action or influence of persons or things on each other.


Merriam-Webster Dictionary (online): 1832

Definition:       - Mutual or reciprocal action or influence Origin: 1825-1835; inter + action

Definition(s):   - reciprocal action, effect, or influence

-          A. Physics. The direct effect that one kind of particle has on another, in particular, in inducing the emission or absorption of one particle by another

-          B. The mathematical expression that specifies the nature and strength of this effect



Oxford English Dictionary (online): Etymology. Post classical Latin resilientia, classical Latin resilient-

Definition(s):   - The action or an act of rebounding or springing back; rebound; recoil.

-          The action of revolting or recoiling from something.

-          The quality or fact of being able to recover quickly or easily from, or resist being affected by, a misfortune, shock, illness, etc.


Merriam-Webster Dictionary (online): First known use 1824

Definition(s):   - The capability of a strained body to recover its size and shape after deformation caused especially by compressive stress

-          An ability to recover from or adjust easily to misfortune or change Origin: 1620-30; Latin resili (ens), present participle of resilire to spring back, rebound + -ence

Definition(s):   - The power or ability to return to the original form, position, etc., after being bent, compress, or stretched; elasticity.

                        -  Ability to recover readily from illness, depression, adversity, or the like; buoyancy