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prussian blue

cadmium yellow

cadmium red

lead white

titanium white


emerald greem

perkins' purple


cave painter pigments (12,00 BC): iron oxides(red/yellow ochres), green earths celadonite&glauconite (aluminosilicates), manganese dioxide, violet Mn-pigment?, charcoal, chalk and bones BE54

ancient (Egyptian)pigments: egyptian blue (blue frit), lead antimonate, malachite, azurite, ochres, lead white, verdigris, orpiment, realger, red lead. ancient dyes: indigo, kermes and their lake pigments.

medieval pigments: the above&synthetic vermilion, ultramarine(semi-synthetic), woad dye/lakes



If you have any comments or would like additional information, please contact Sharon Burgmayer at sburgmay@brynmawr.edu.

Teachers are encouraged to copy and modify these labs for use in their teaching.

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© 2003 - by Dr. Sharon Burgmayer and Serendip.