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This web exhibition is a modified version of the catalogue that accompanied the Exhibition of books from the collections of the National Library of Medicine, held in honor of the Centennial Celebration of the American Psychological Association, August 7 to December 15, 1992. Neither the catalogue nor accompanying APA Centennial exhibit would have existed without the assistance and the scholarship of others. The idea for the theme of the exhibit came from John Popplestone, Director of the Archives of the History of American Psychology. His letter to John Parascandola, Chief of the History of Medicine Division at NLM, served to initiate the events that have culminated in the exhibit. Professor Popplestone and other members of the APA Task Force on Centennial Celebrations, especially Laurel Furumoto, who read a portion of the catalogue text in draft, and Liz Kaplinski, who served as APA liaison, lent consistent support to the project. So too did Dr. Parascandola and members of the NLM staff, in particular James Cassedy, Margaret Kaiser, Lucy Keister, Jan Lazarus, and Martha Lucia Sierra.

The text of the catalogue owes a heavy debt to a number of classic monographs in the history of philosophy, psychology, and medicine. Sections 1-4 draw liberally on the clear historico-philosophical discussions provided in Paul Edwards's Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Section 5 is little more than a reprise of the analysis presented by Robert Young in his exceptional Mind, Brain and Adaptation in the Nineteenth Century. No one familiar with Henri Ellenberger's Discovery of the Unconscious can fail to realize the extent to which the material in Section 6 depends on this brilliant piece of scholarship. Much of the structure and content of Sections 7-9 has been drawn from Edwin G. Boring's A History of Experimental Psychology. These sections, in turn, owe some debt to the inspiration that Boring drew from coursework with Edward Bradford Titchener and from those Ur-texts in the history of psychology, Théodule Ribot's La psychologie anglaise contemporaine and La psychologie allemande contemporaine. The existence if not the content of Section 10 can be traced to Jay Wharton Fay's American Psychology before William James. Fay was the first to recognize the extent and importance of early American contributions to psychological analysis. The content, however, is more closely related to the discussions of Robert Fuller in Mesmerism and the American Cure of Souls. Finally, I would like to express my particular appreciation to Eugene Taylor for lending his extraordinary historical talent and his knowledge of William James to the exhibit by agreeing to author Section 11 of the catalogue.

All but one of the books displayed in the exhibition were from NLM holdings or from my own collection. The single exception is Ralph Waldo Emerson's Representative Men, which was included courtesy of the McCabe Library, Swarthmore College. Most of the illustrations for the catalogue and the exhibit also came from NLM or from my own collection. A few of the illustrations, however, are from other sources. In this regard, I would like to express my gratitude to Adam Crabtree of Toronto for providing Puységur at Buzancy and The Magnetisme, John Popplestone and the Archives of the History of American Psychology for Pierre-Marie-Félix Janet, Johann Friedrich Herbart, and Gustav Theodor Fechner, Alfred Fuchs and the Hawthorne and Longfellow Library, Bowdoin College, for Thomas Cogswell Upham, and Eugene Taylor and the Houghton Library, Harvard University for Mrs. Piper and the James Séance. Finally, I would like to express my particular appreciation to the National Library of Medicine and to the American Psychological Association for their generous financial support of this project.

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Wozniak, Robert H. "Mind and Body: Rene Déscartes to William James";
Bryn Mawr College, Serendip 1995
Originally published in 1992 at Bethesda, MD & Washington, DC by the National Library of Medicine and the American Psychological Association.

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